Chapter 5: The Yoga of Work in Detachment

About the reality of detachment.

(1) Arjuna said: 'Krishna, You as well praise the renunciation of fruitive labor as the practice of yoga. Please tell me which one is definitely more beneficial of the two.'

(2) The Supreme Lord replied: 'Renouncing [the fruits] and also action in yoga lead both to the path of liberation, but compared to the renunciation of fruitive labor, the action in yoga is the better of the two.

(3) He should always be known as a renouncing one who never likes or dislikes and who is free from the duality, as certainly, o mighty armed one, he is happy who is liberated from being bound that way.

(4) The less intelligent see the analytic and the work of yoga as different, but not so the learned ones. Situated in either one of them one will enjoy the complete of the result of both.

(5) He who places what one achieves by analysis at the same level as what one achieves by work done in yoga and thus sees study and selfless action as one, actually sees it as it is.

Chapter 4: The Yoga of Knowledge

About sacrificing and the importance of knowledge

(1) The Supreme Lord said: 'This imperishable yoga I instructed to the sun-god [Vivasvan ] who told it to the father of mankind [Vaivasvata Manu] who in his turn said it to Ikshvaku [founder of the dynasty where Rama descended in].

(2) Thus one following the other, the saintly kings received this science understanding it that way but in the course of time in this world this great way of connecting oneself was scattered, o subduer of the enemies.

(3) This very same very old science of yoga today is spoken by Me to you as you are My devotee and friend as well and thus factually [you can come to understand] the mystery of this transcendence.'

(4) Arjuna said: 'Your birth came after the one before of Vivasvan. How must I understand Your instructing in the beginning thus?

(5) The Supreme Lord said: 'Many births of Mine and also of you have passed, o Arjuna, I know them all but you do not, o subduer of the enemy.

Chapter 3:The Yoga of Action

On mastering the intelligence

(1) Arjuna said: 'If being intelligent is considered better than doing fruitive work, as You said o Janardana, then why are You engaging me in this ghastly action Kesava?

(2) Surely you are confusing my intelligence with your equivocal words, therefore please make sure you tell me of one only so that I may really benefit from it.

(3) The Supreme Lord said: 'In this world there are two kinds of faith, as I told you before o sinless one, it is the linking of oneself in the knowledge of the analytic mind [to attain to stability of intelligence] and the connectedness in action [forsaking the desire for the fruits] as practiced by the devoted [the volition of yoga].

(4) Nor by forsaking work does a man attain to liberation nor does he attain to success by simply renouncing [the fruits].

(5) Surely no one is but for a moment without action and certainly everyone is irresistibly drawn to fruitive work [undergo karma] according the qualities born from the modes of nature.

Chapter 2b: The Yoga of Analytic Knowledge

On the results of labor (2.39-2.72)

(39) ' All this I described to you was about the analytical study of the intelligence in yoga, but listen now how dovetailed with that intelligence, o son of Pritha, you can be released from the bondage of fruitive labor [karma].

(40) Endeavoring in it, there will never be loss or diminution and a little effort with it frees one from the greatest danger.

(41) Those with a strong resolve to the soul are one in intelligence, o child of the Kurus, while those who are not of that determination have an intelligence which indeed is endlessly branched.

(42-43) All these flowery words are [also] used by men with little knowledge who are followers of the Vedas and , o son of Pritha, proclaim that there is nothing else to it. With their hearts full of desire they aim at higher spheres, a good birth and the grace of results by various pompous ceremonies to please their senses and to progress towards opulence.

Chapter 2a: The Yoga of Analytic Knowledge

On the knowledge of the soul (2.1-2.38)

(1) Sanjaya said: "Unto him, Arjuna, who was thus overwhelmed by compassion, having his eyes full of tears and lamenting, Madhusudana [Krishna is called as madhusoodanan as the killer of Madhu] spoke the following words:

(2) The Supreme Lord said: 'Wherefrom came this impurity of lamentation at this hour of crisis? This practice of the uncivilized that does not lead to a better world, is the cause of infamy, o Arjuna.

(3) Do not take to this impotence, o son of Pritha, this pettiness and weakness of the heart does not befit you- give it up and stand up, o chastiser of the enemy!'

(4) Arjuna said: 'How can I counterattack Bhishma and Drona with arrows in the fight, o Madhusudana - they are worthy of worship. o killer of the enemies!

(5) Even begging in this life on the planet is certainly better than to kill those superior great souls, even though those teachers desire worldly gain - surely our enjoying the pleasures of life will be tainted with blood!

Chapter 1: The Yoga of Dejection

On the confrontation with the necessity to fight

(1) In B.C 3102, the blind uncle of Pandavas called Dhritarashthra said: "At Kurukshetra, a place of pilgrimage, my party and the pandavas, the sons of Pandu, assembled desiring to fight. O Sanjaya What did they do?"

(2) Sanjaya said: "After seeing the line up of the soldiers of the Pandavas, king Duryodhana, the eldest of the kauravas, at that time approached his teacher, Dronacarya, and said:

(3) Just see the sons of Pandu, brother of Dhritarashthra and the father of the Pandavas, O teacher, arranged as a great military force by the son of Drupada, who is the father in law of Arjuna, Dhristadyumna,your intelligent disciple.

(4) There are heroes and mighty bowmen equal in the fight to Bhima and Arjuna, like Yuyudhana and Virata as also Drupada himself, who is also a great warrior.

(5) Dhrishthaketu, Cekitana, Kasiraja, and also the very powerful Purujit, Kuntibhoja and Saibya are there, who are all great heroes in human society.